Hernaus, T., Sitar, A. S., & Aleksić Mirić, A. (2021). Futuristic Organisational Design: The Role of Technological Imperative in Defining the Changing Nature of Structure, Coordination and People Practices. In: P. Kumar, A. Agrawal, & P. Budhwar (Eds.), Human & Technological Resource Management (HTRM): New Insights into Revolution 4.0 (pp. 3-18). London, UK: Emerald Publishing Limited.
How did industrial revolutions change the nature of organization design evolutionary across different levels of analysis?
Technological development creates technological imperative for organisations. The most recent is dedicated to digital technologies with a strong influence on the way of managing and organising. To gain a better understanding of the latest business practice, the authors use a multilevel perspective and apply the historical analysis method. Specifically, this chapter explores organisational design (OD) of the future through the evolutionary perspective (spanning across the four industrial revolutions) and brings into focus how technological imperatives modified organisational structure, coordination mechanisms and people/job practices. By reflecting on the historical changes in OD practices that happened throughout different phases of industrialisation, the authors analyse how building blocks of digital OD shape managerial and employee behaviours, thus unleashing the performance potential of digital technologies.